ISO 4:1997 pdf download – Information and documentation – Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications

02-26-2022 comment

ISO 4:1997 pdf download – Information and documentation – Rules for the abbreviation of title words and titles of publications
1 Scope
This International Standard gives rules for abbreviating titles of serials and, if appropriate, non-serial documents in languages using the Latin, Cyrillic and Greek alphabets. This International Standard also serves as the basis for the establishment of title word abbreviations by the ISSN Network.
2 Definitions
For the purposes of this International Standard, the following definitions apply.
2.1 abbreviation: Abbreviated term resulting from the omission of some of its letters. [Adapted from ISO 1087:1990]
2.2 abbreviated qualifying element: Abbreviated element added to an abbreviated title in order to make the abbreviated title unique.
2.3 acronym: Abbreviated complex term made up of letters from the full form of a term and strung together into a sequence pronounced only syllabically. [ISO 1087: 1990] EXAMPL E: ALGOL = algorithmic language.
2.4 affix: Morpheme which is neither a stem nor an ending but which is attached to the stem in order to change its meaning or its lexical or grammatical category. [ISO 1087:1990]
2.5 artificial word: Word created for a special purpose and not normally found in dictionaries.
2.6 complex term: Term consisting of two or more stems with or without other term elements. [ISO 1087:1990]
2.7 compound word: Word whose component parts are themselves words or combined forms.
2.8 contraction: Shortening of a word, syllable, or word group by omission of internal letters.
2.9 corporate body: Organization or group of persons identified by a particular name. derivative: Word formed by the addition of one or more affixes to a stem. [ISO 1087:1990] 2.11 generic term: Word or a group of words in a title that indicate the kind and/or frequency of a publication.
EXAMPLES: Abhandlungen, annales, Berichte, bulletin, cahier, annual report, compte rendu, proceedings, yearbook.
2.12 inflected form: Form undergone by words to mark such distinctions as those of case, gender, number, tense, person, mood or voice.
2.13 initialism: Abbreviated complex term or name made up of the first letters of the term elements. [ISO 1087:1990] NOTE – An initialism forms a sequence which may be pronounced letter by letter, syllabically, or both.
2.14 morpheme: Smallest meaningful unit of a language. [ISO 1087:1990]
2.15 prefix: Affix which precedes another stem or another prefix. [ISO 1087:1990]
2.16 root: Word element which forms the etymological basis of a family of words in one language or in several languages. [ISO 1087:1990]
2.17 section title: Title specific to a section which serves to distinguish one part of a group of related serials having a common title.
2.18 serial: Publication, in any medium, issued in successive parts, usually having numerical or chronological designations, and intended to be continued indefinitely.
2.19 stem: Word element which can be used as a term in itself or as the base of a derivative. [ISO 1087:1990]
2.20 suffix: Affix which follows a stem or another suffix. [ISO 1087:1990]
2.21 title: . Word or phrase, or a group of characters, usually appearing on the document, by which it is convenient to refer to it, which may be used to identifty it, and which often (though not invariably) distinguishes it from any other document. [Adapted from ISO 5127/3a):1981]
2.22 truncation: Shortening of a word by the omission of two or more continuous letters at the end.

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